Spider veins, or telangiectasia, are formed by the dilation of small blood vessels or veins under the skin. Although spider veins can occur anywhere on the body, they are most frequent on the lower limbs and present as red or purple net patterns. They are not a health risk and most patients seek treatment for cosmetic reasons. The cause is mostly hereditary but contributing factors are pregnancy and hormonal changes.
Sclerotherapy is an effective treatment for spider veins. During sclerotherapy, a nurse will use a very small needle to inject a sclerosing solution (composed of sugar and water). The injected solution closes the abnormal vein, and eventually becomes re–absorbed by the body.
At the time of consultation a full ultrasound will be performed on the legs in order to identify any serious problems with blood flow, which is known as “reflux.” Reflux occurs when one or both of the main valves found in your legs are not performing correctly, which puts extra strain on the vessels in your legs. At ICLS we only perform treatment of spider veins. If you have larger veins, known as varicose veins, you may be advised to see a vein specialist for treatment.