Oily skin can be caused by a number of contributing factors. Hormone levels, environmental factors and heredity can all contribute to oily skin. Patients with oily skin have an overactive sebaceous gland that produces more oil (sebum) than needed. The excess oil oozes giving the skin an oily sheen; this can also enlarge skin pores, giving the skin a coarse look. Patients with oily skin should drink plenty of fresh water to keep hydrated but also to flush out any toxins in the body. Regular exercise can increase circulation promoting blood flow, decreasing oil production.
Acne is a common skin condition in young adolescent males, but anyone can be affected by it regardless of age or gender. Acne is caused by an overproduction of sebum or oil. However with acne, the excess sebum produced acts as glue, when the body sheds dead skin it gets stuck preventing it from sloughing off. The build-up of dead skin blocks skin pores, which can cause a bacterial inflammation resulting in pimples to appear. As the pimples become more inflamed, it can have an effect on the surrounding skin resulting in larger bumps to appear. The inflamed skin can also decrease collagen causing a thinning of the skin, resulting in acne scarring. Patients with acne are advised not to wash their skin in an abrasive manner or squeeze or pick at the pimples as this will increase inflammation, and the risk of scarring and spreading. The use of oil-free topical products along with washing the face twice daily can aid in preventing clogged pores